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687 BCE - 546 BCE
Mermnad dynasty rules Lydia.
687 BCE - 652 BCE
King Gyges rules Lydia and expands its borders. Sardis becomes Lydian capital.
609 BCE - 560 BCE
Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
560 BCE - 547 BCE
Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
499 BCE - 494 BCE
Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
c. 498 BCE
Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
Sardis surrenders to Alexander the Great.
May 334 BCE
Alexander invades the Persian empire.
Lydia becomes a part of the Seleucid Empire.
Lydia and its captial Sardis comes under Roman rule.
An earthquake destroys 12 cities in Lydia and affects Sardis.
Sardis' civc life comes to an end. A Persian army penetrates the Roman defensive lines that had been deployed in eastern Anatolia. Soon after, part of that region falls to the Persians, including Sardis.